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Extreme cold can reduce the range in EVs by as much 20-30% for current models, so certain considerations should be taken for cold-weather use. Heating air for passenger comfort can require significant amounts of energy in colder weather, and cold temperatures can affect battery charging. However, temperature-control technology is improving to compensate for these issues. Cold weather does not impact driving or handling, and many EVs have very advanced traction control and all-wheel-drive options.
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There many different types of electric vehicles (EVs). For Durango’s EV planning purposes, we are looking at two main categories when we generally refer to EVs:
The EPA’s Green Vehicle Guide and the US DOE Alternative Fuels Data Center are both great resources for information on electric vehicles and charging stations. Learn more about EV ownership, the benefits of EVs, and nation-wide efforts to transform our transportation system.
The State of Colorado Zero Emissions Vehicles page has information on the state’s Electric Vehicle Plan 2020, grant programs, and tax credit programs.
The length of time it takes to fully charge a vehicle depends on many factors including the vehicle itself, the kind of charger being used, and how empty the battery is when you begin charging. Many EV users think in terms of “miles per hour of charging” or how much range you get from charging a vehicle for a certain amount of time.
The US DOE Alternative Fuels Data Center and the EPA Green Vehicle Guide both have great information on the different plug types, including pictures. Most charging station info apps and websites explain what plug type is available at different stations. See “Where can I charge my electric vehicle in Durango?” in this FAQ for more information on these apps and websites.
The easiest way to find charging in Durango, or anywhere, is to use apps like PlugShare and OpenCharge or websites like the US DOE Alternative Fueling Station Locator. These sites let you filter by charger type, price, and other features.
The city currently owns and operates electric vehicle charging stations at the City of Durango Transit Center, 250 W. 8th St, and there are plans to expand to other city-owned locations in the future.
The typical battery range for all-electric battery-only EVs is now between 200 and 300 miles for new models, with some models achieve a range as high as 400 miles.
Plug-in hybrid (PHEV) models have typical battery ranges of 15-60 miles, and then the fuel-powered engine adds another 200-300 miles of range. This means that many PHEVs can achieve a typical day’s driving needs on battery alone for most people.
Visit FuelEconomy.gov to find an EV that would best suit your needs.
All fully electric vehicles should be able to use the new fast charging stations at the Transit Center. Some plug-in hybrid models support DC fast charging, but some do not. Each DC fast charging station has two connector types that fit different vehicles. The CHAdeMO connector fits most Nissan, Mitsubishi and Kia electric vehicles while the CCS/SAE combo connector fits nearly all other vehicles. Tesla owners will need a CHAdeMO-Tesla adapter to use the stations. If you do not have an adapter, visit the Transit Center customer service window during regular business hours for assistance.
See “What are the different plug or connector types?” in this FAQ for more information.
Today, most electric vehicles cost only slightly more to purchase than their traditional counterparts, but they cost much less to operate and maintain every year. EVs require little to no maintenance on the drivetrain, and electricity is significantly cheaper (and cleaner) per mile than gas or diesel fuel.
Additionally, there are many state and federal rebate and tax credit programs available. Be sure to search for all available programs in your area including discounts through special promotions, such as "group-buys," where dealers offer electric vehicles at a lower price to incentivize a large volume of sales. The Four Corners office of resource efficiency (4CORE) has great information on available incentives and upcoming opportunities in our region.
Yes. At a local level, EVs do not have tailpipe emissions (such as Nitrogen Oxide (NOx), Carbon Monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM)) that cause localized air pollution which can negatively affect public health. At a broader level, the overall emissions associated with using an EV depend on the source of electricity. So, the relative emissions of EVs can vary quite a bit depending on where they are being used and charged. Even with this variability, however, EVs have much lower per-mile emissions than traditional fuel-powered vehicles.
EVs charged in Durango and within LPEA’s service territory use electricity generated from an energy mix of energy sources. LPEA is on track to significantly reduce the greenhouse gas emissions associated with electricity in our region.
The EPA’s Beyond the Tailpipe Emissions Calculator is a great resource for understanding the emissions associated with EVs.